Alopecia is a term that covers a number of conditions related to hair loss. The type of hair loss varies so do the causes. Identifying the specific type of Alopecia helps determine the best treatment options.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic Alopecia is the most common hair loss affecting more than 50 million men and 30 million women.  In men, this condition is also known as male-pattern baldness. Hair is lost in a well-defined pattern, beginning above both temples. In women, it’s sometimes referred to as female pattern baldness.

There's no known cure for it currently. However, there are medically proven ways to prevent and control the symptoms of androgenetic alopecia, and even grow back some hair.

The goals for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia involve increasing hair growth and stopping the progression of hair thinning.

Alopecia Areata

This is scary, your hair is shedding and coming out in clumps and you don’t know why? You go through all the emotions - denial, despair, and fear – the stress often makes it worse! For some women (and men and children) the shedding doesn’t stop. At first you don’t want to talk to anyone, but eventually you’ll be dying to talk to someone. You reach out to your hairdresser, esthetician, or even your doctor.  They run out of ideas or product recommendations.  When you get to that point, make the Occhi Hair Institute your lifeline. We specialize in helping women through hair loss with a big-picture approach that’s about more than wigs and technologies. With us, the conversation is all about you.  There is NO shotgun approach.  We will figure out exactly why your hair is falling out and the best approach to stopping, slowing down or restoring your hair loss.

Alopecia Totalis

While many conditions can cause partial or temporary hair loss for women, Alopecia Totalis is one that is complete and often permanent. Like Alopecia Areata, Alopecia Totalis is an autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to use your body’s natural defenses against your hair follicles. In milder forms of Alopecia, hair may shed and grow back over time. Regrowth is less common for women with Alopecia Totalis, though it does happen.  There is usually a genetic proponent to Alopecia Totalis. The chances of complete restoration through natural regrowth are small.

Alopecia Univeralis

Alopecia Universalis is a relatively rare autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss over the scalp and the entire body. The only real difference between this and other types of Alopecia Areata is the extent of hair affected by the condition. While the mechanism is common, the experience of hair loss for women with Alopecia Universalis is anything but universal. Men, women, and children who lack hair across their entire bodies must consider some factors that other forms of hair loss don’t bring.

Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia

Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) is a rare condition that most commonly affects women of African ancestry. It was once known as hot comb alopecia, and it was thought to be caused by very specific hairstyling methods. Research has made clear that CCCA is actually a form of scarring (cicatricial) alopecia. We still don’t know what causes the condition, but we do know that it results in hair loss when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy hair follicles, replacing them with scar tissue. Unlike Lichen Planopilaris, the inflammation caused by CCCA often takes place below the surface of the skin, making it harder to detect. Because the hair follicles are destroyed, hair loss due to CCCA is permanent. The hair cannot be regrown, and hair restoration surgery will not achieve results. This makes early diagnosis especially important.

Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia

Have you or your stylist noticed you’re losing hair around your frontal hairline? If so, several conditions could be to blame. The rarest of these potential causes is called Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia (FFA), and the hair loss it causes is permanent. Though FFA is far less common than other causes, the best step a woman with frontal hair loss can take is to obtain a medical diagnosis as quickly as possible. Once you’re sure about the cause of your hair loss, you can take action to fight its progression.

Lichen Planopilaris

Lichen planopilaris is different from other types of hair loss because it is an inflammatory autoimmune disease. Anyone can develop LPP, but it usually appears in middle-aged women. It is not contagious. When someone has LPP, the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy hair follicles, destroying them and replacing them with scar tissue. The inflammation often causes painful or very itchy purplish bumps to appear on the scalp. Since several types of hair loss can cause the patchy pattern of hair loss seen in Lichen Planopilaris, diagnosis can be difficult. Stylists and even doctors can mistake hair loss scattered across the scalp for a more typical alopecia. A scalp biopsy is needed to truly diagnose LPP, and once detected, hair loss cannot be reversed.